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Snake Breeding

Snake Breeding Tips

Many times snake owners who love their pets wonder what it would be like to begin snake breeding. Some breeders simple want to provide themselves with more pets while others are more interested in snake breeding as a means of making money at a hobby they enjoy.

The very first step in snake breeding is to identify the sexes of your snakes. Some owners know from the minute of purchase. Some take their snakes to a vet to find out. And others try to determine their snakes sex by learning to check themselves. Newborns are never easy to determine. The method used to determine the sex of a snake is to probe it with a sexing probe. When a snake is not sexually active the hemipenes of the male lies inverted in a sheath positioned at the base of the tail posterior to the vent. You should then insert the sexing probe into the vent and push it in the direction of the tail tip. If you can pass it inside up to ten subcaudal scales, it is a male snake. If you can only pass it up to only two or three scales, it is a female.

The next thing to do when beginning snake breeding is to figure out the reproductive cycle of your species of snake. The best way to do this is to try adjusting temperatures and light to be as close to the natural conditions of the snake as you can possibly get. The majority of snakes only breed once a year so you need to duplicate the same conditions in your tank as they would have outside living in their natural environment.

Because snakes are a solitary species that only get together to breed, you should not put your female and male together until you are ready for them to breed. When the snakes are ready to mate, the male and female will intertwine and copulation may take anywhere from thirty minutes to six or seven hours. If successful, the fertilized eggs will start to develop at the lower end of the oviduct. How long it will take depends on the breed of snake.

Some snakes lay eggs while in others the eggs hatch inside the female and she gives birth to live offspring. If your snake is live-bearing, the babies will take much longer to be born, many times well over three months. The majority of snakes lay eggs. You need to provide a temperature-controlled and humid area where the female can lay her eggs. Most breeders than move the eggs to an incubator. The incubator should have a type of mulch substrate and the eggs should be buried about half of their thickness into the mulch. The temperature must be kept approximately 77 to 86 degrees until the eggs hatch.

The baby snakes must be kept at the same temperature as they would have been in the wild. They can be placed in small plastic boxes or terrariums. Water, a hiding box and a paper towels as substrate can be given to them a couple days after birth. Make sure to feed them the proper amount of food for their age.




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